SCIENTIFIC AND EDUCATIONAL SOCIETY FOR CULTURAL STUDIES
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Hypotheses:

THEORY OF CULTURAL GENESIS

I. V. Kondakov. Culturogenesis to culturogenesis (from diamond to «cat music»)



Discussions:

IN THE SEARCH FOR THE MEANING OF HISTORY AND CULTURE (A. Ya. Flier’s Section)

A. Ya. Flier. The Culture of Evil

N. A. Khrenov. Between America and China: the Concept of the «Other» in the Formation and Transformation of the Civilizational Identity of Russia (continued)

N. A. Khrenov. Culture and Historical Memory (end)



Analytics:

HIGH ART IN THE CULTURE OF MODERNITY (E. N. Shapinskaya’sSectoin)

E. N. Shapinskaya. Subject positions in musical cognitivism: from interpretation to reflection. About the books by J. Bostridge«Schubert's Winter Journey» and J. E. Gardiner «Music in the Heavenly City»

N. Yu. Lukina. Up-to-date and up-to-date. Repeatable and unique. Stupid and eternal

CULTURAL REFLECTIONS

V. M. Rozin. The Psyche of the Deviant Personality in the Mirrors of Family and Culture (following the book «Multiple Minds of Billy Milligan» by Daniel Keyes)

V. I. Grachev. Communication is the connecting substance

M. I. Kozyakova. Screen culture as multiplication of space: Paradoxes of new worlds

REVIEWS, MESSAGES, MATERIALS

E. N. Shapinskaya. Creativity, life, fate: a subjective view of the philosopher. About the book by V. M. Rozin«The World of the artist Roman Faerstein. The life and work of Lyubov and Anna Zimonenko»


Announcement of the next issue

 

 

Markov Alexander Petrovich,
Doctor of pedagogical Sciences,
Doctor of cultural studies, Professor
Saint Petersburg humanitarian University
e-mail: markov_2@mail.ru

 

The concept of  "freedom as a conscious necessity": current meanings and non-entropic potential

Abstract. The analysis of semantic facets and behavioral modifications of freedom in post-industrial society is particularly relevant in the situation of civilizational crisis associated with the deformation of this deep anthropological constant. The author shows that in the system of humanitarian knowledge, the obvious tendency of freedom analysis is the dominance of the liberal approach, which defends the idea of the opposite of freedom and necessity. The conceptualization of freedom and necessity as mutually exclusive ontological modes emasculates the true essence of freedom: by tearing its bearer out of connection with the "realm of eternal and absolute truths", it reduces freedom as the substance of the Absolute spirit to its external manifestations of an Autonomous and self-sufficient personality and plunges a person into the space of cultural anomie. The proposed interpretation of freedom is an alternative to its liberal version. The author shows that freedom finds its source, justification, and meaning in "superpersonal necessity". The article examines the origins of the Western version of freedom, marked by a break with the Christian tradition, and describes the reasons for the devaluation of the fundamental meaning of freedom for Christian anthropology as the highest expression of the universality of the human spirit. In conclusion, the author identifies the key condition for overcoming the acute cultural and anthropological crisis, which is fraught with a change in the civilizational type of development: the rehabilitation of a free person who can curb the destructive element of greed and pride of consumer claims, freely accept as a necessity the life paradigm of altruism, prescribing compassion, mercy and readiness for self-denial, ignoring which is fraught with an unstoppable expansion of violence and the decline of human civilization.

Keywords: freedom, necessity, superpersonal will, responsibility, duty, truth, conscience, European humanism, liberalism, modernism, postmodernism, neo-pagan revolution, altruism.
 

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[2] Spinoza B. Ethics (per. V. I. Modestov). Mn.: harvest, M.: AST, 2001 [Electronic resource]. Mode of access: http://vzms.org/spinoza.htm.
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[4] Gegel G. V. F. encyclopedia of philosophical Sciences, Vol. 1. Science of logic, Moscow: Mysl, 1974. P. 153.
[5] Mezhuyev V. M. Violence and freedom in the political context // Polis. 2004. No. 3. P. 107.
[6] Rozanov V. V. Decree. op.
[7] Solov'ev V. S. Justification of good / Ed. by O. A. Platonov. M.: Institute of Russian civilization, Algorithm, 2012. P. 86.
[8] Berdyaev N. A. the Meaning of creativity. M.: Pravda, 1989. P. 374.
[9] Ivanov Vyach. The idea of rejection of the world // Chukov G. I. on mystical anarchism. 1906. [Electronic resource]. Access mode: https: //ru.theanarchistlibrary.org/library/georgij-ivanovich-chulkov-o-misticheskom– anarhizme. pdf.
[10] Rozanov V. V. Decree. Op.
[11] Huseynov A. A. Moral immoralism. D. futche's conversation with academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences AbdusalamHuseynov» //Ethical thought. Moscow, 2009. Issue 9. P. 19.
[12] Panarin A. S. Orthodox civilization / Comp., Preface V. N. Rastorguev / Ed. OA Platonov. M.: Institute of Russian civilization, 2014. P. 77.
[13] Soina O. S. Anthropological foundations of freedom, responsibility and duty / / Man and culture in the era of global change. XIX International Likhachev scientific readings. 24.05.2019 St. Petersburg: Spbgup. [Electronic resource]. Modeofaccess: https://www.lihachev.ru/chten/2019.
[14] Ibid.
[15] Wilchek Sun. Instead of a conclusion. Freedom is a conscious possibility // Neva. 1990. No. 7.
[16] Rozanov V. V. Decree. Op.
[17] Dostoevsky F. M. the Brothers Karamazov // Collected works, in ten volumes. Vol. 9. M.: State publishing house hood. Literature, 1958. P. 319, 321.
[18] Ibid. P. 316.
[19] Maceina A. the Grand Inquisitor, St. Petersburg: Aletheia, 1999.
[20] Markov A. P. Entropy of freedom as a global problem of European culture // Questions of cultural studies. 2019. No. 12. Pp. 37-52.
[21] Panarin A. S. Orthodox civilization / Comp., Preface V. N. Rastorguev / Ed. OA Platonov. M.: Institute of Russian civilization, 2014. P. 279.
[22] Ibid. P. 305.
[23] Rozanov V. V. Decree. Op.

 

 

ISSN 2311-3723

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Official registration № ЭЛ № ФС 77 – 56414 от 11.12.2013

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